What is Proportional Representation?

Proportional Representation is the idea that parties should hold seats in parliament in proportion to their popular vote.

40% of the vote? 40% of the seats.
15% of the vote? 15% of the seats.

The Core Idea

Additionally, read up on The Law Commission of Canada's 2004 report Voting Counts and The Special Committee on Electoral Reform's 2016 report Strengthening Democracy in Canada, both of which recommend introducing proportional representation to Canada.

Example System: MMP

Example System: STV